Retrieval practice, also called The Testing Effect, is one of the most important and foundational concepts in learning. Retrieving information when we need it is the whole purpose of learning. It's not what we put in our brains that is important, it is what we can get back out that matters.
What is Retrieval Practice?
Retrieval Practice which is also called The Testing Effect or even Test-enhanced Learning is the finding that when we focus learners on retrieving information from memory, this actually enhances and strengthens memory.
How Does It Work?
After we encode the information into our long term memory. The information is there but many times the connection is not very strong. By trying to retrieve that information multiple times, we are strengthening the connection.
This retrieval practice should take place spaced out over time and over multiple contexts.The more we successfully retrieve it, and the more contexts we can connect it to, the easier and faster we can pull it up and the less working memory space we will take up, and the greater chance we have of transferring the knowledge.