What is Transfer of Knowledge?
knowledge transfer refers to the application of knowledge and skills learned in one situation to another situation. It involves the ability of learners to take what they have learned in one context and effectively apply it to solve problems or perform tasks in a different context.
Transferring Knowledge is highly dependent on background knowledge and context. Both of these things can hider or promote knowledge transfer.
Near vs. Far
Transfer is generally discussed as Near vs. Far transfer.
. Near Transfer: this is the transfer of information to similar contexts.
Far Transfer: is transferring information to novel or different contexts.
A more useful way to think of transferring knowledge is a continuum. The beginning of the transfer continuum is the initial learning of something and you slowly build out farther and farther through new knowledge, new connections, and varied experiences.
For educators the intricacies of transferring knowledge can be deceivingly complex, especially for someone who has expert knowledge of a topic. I have come to realize that there is a good process for teachers to use that has helped me think about how knowledge can be transferred from near to far.
Probably the most controversial is step 1 the nearest form of transfer, and that is copying or repeating back. This is a step that many educators pass over as they think this is not a helpful form of learning. The reality is that they are not wrong, this kind of learning is extremely limited in its application, but I would argue it is incredibly important in the process of learning.
I'll go through the steps and why this model makes sense below.